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Henry Moore (1898-1986)
at The White House Gallery

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Girl Doing Homework, I
 Henry Moore 

Girl Doing Homework, I - click to enlarge

Girl Seated at Desk V
 Henry Moore 

Girl Seated at Desk V - click to enlarge

Girl Seated at Desk VI
 Henry Moore 

Girl Seated at Desk VI - click to enlarge

Man and Woman
 Henry Moore 

Man and Woman - click to enlarge

Mother & Child V
 Henry Moore 

Mother & Child V - click to enlarge

Mother & Child VIII
 Henry Moore 

Mother & Child VIII - click to enlarge

Mother & Child XI
 Henry Moore 

Mother & Child XI - click to enlarge

Mother & Child XII
 Henry Moore 

Mother & Child XII - click to enlarge

Mother & Child XV
 Henry Moore 

Mother & Child XV - click to enlarge

Mother & CHild XXI
 Henry Moore 

Mother & CHild XXI - click to enlarge

Mother & Child XXVI
 Henry Moore 

Mother & Child XXVI - click to enlarge

Mother & Child XXX
 Henry Moore 

Mother & Child XXX - click to enlarge

Mother and Child XXVII
 Henry Moore 

Mother and Child XXVII - click to enlarge

Six Reclining Figures with Red Background
 Henry Moore 

Six Reclining Figures with Red Background - click to enlarge

Standing Nudes
 Henry Moore 

Standing Nudes - click to enlarge
 

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Biography

Henry Moore was born in Castleford, in small terraced house in Roundhill Road on 30th July 1898. He attended Castleford Grammar School on a scholarship and subsequently became a teacher there. His teaching was interrupted by the First World War during which he fought in France and was gassed. After the War he returned to his teaching post but knew he wanted something better so he began studying at the Leeds School of Art from which he progressed to the Royal College of Art in London.

In 1924 Henry Moore met Irina Radetsky, a painting student at the college, whom he married a year later. The couple lived in Hampstead, where they mingled with many aspiring young artists including another sculptor from this area, Barbara Hepworth.

Henry Moore's early sculptures of the 1920s, show the influences of Central American pre-Columbian art, and the massive figures of the Italian Renaissance (he particularly liked Michaelangelo's work). By the 1930s his works had become highly abstract, consisting of simplified, rounded pieces carved from wood, with numerous indentations and holes often spanned with veils of thin metal wires. His main themes include mother-and-child and family groups, fallen warriors, and, most characteristically, the reclining human figure.

Although he endured much criticism of his early work, in 1948 he was awarded the International Prize for Sculpture and his reputation worldwide grew over the following decades. He is also well known for his sketches of people sheltering in the London underground during the Second World War, and of working miners. The latter were sketched at Wheldale Colliery near Castleford where his father had worked. His sculptures can be seen at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park near Wakefield.

A version of his Reclining Figure Draped is on show outside of the Civic Centre at Castleford and his first Reclining Figure from 1936 at Wakefield Art Gallery.

Henry Moore died in 1986 and in September 2000 Moore Square was opened on the site of his Castleford birthplace.

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